• Canon or Nikon


    By Free Online News

    PUBLISHED: April 23, 2013 7:05 pm


    Canon vs. Nikon Digital SLR Cameras

    Canon vs. Nikon – which one? It is a common question which comes up when consumers are comparing digital SLR cameras.These two big companies were the first to make the leap from film to digital,and their initial presence in the market make them the dominant players.Today Canon and Nikon constantly battle for the top spot in the SLR world market, while others out for a position in third.If you pay attention to the digital SLR press releases, you’ll quickly see a pattern: when either Canon or Nikon announce a new camera designed to capture some niche aspect of the market, the opposing company also announces a camera that is competitive.

    canon-1100dsmnikon-d3100sm

    canon-60dsmnikon-d7000sm

    Entry-Level Level Cameras

    Let’s begin with an introduction to the SLR cameras that get a lot of attention: those geared toward beginning digital SLR photographers.

    These cameras are simple: they are not cluttered with a lot of buttons and features that can be overwhelming for novices. Instead, they are optimized to produce clear,bright,colorful images whether you use them in full AUTO mode or leverage some of the manual settings. The two cameras from each company that are designed for beginners are the Canon Rebel T3 1100D and the Nikon D3100. Let’s see how the two compare:

                        CANON T3 (1100D)                            NIKON D310

    Release Date

    March 2011

    September 2010

    Megapixels

    12.2

    14.2

    Stabilization

    In Lens

    In Lens

    Memory Card

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    Max. Shutter Speed

    1/4000

    1/4000

    Max. Photo Capture

    3 per second

    3 per second

    ISO Range

    100 to 6400

    100 to 12800

    Movie Modes

    Quicktime MOV 1280 x 720p (30fps)

    H.264 1920 x 1080p 1280 x 720 640 x 424

    LCD

    Static 2.7in (230,000 dots)

    Static 3in (230,000 dots)

    Viewfinder

    Pentamirror (95% coverage)

    Pentamirror (95% coverage)

    Autofocus

    9 point

    11 point

    Face Detect AF

    No

    Yes

    Sensor Dimensions

    22.2 x 14.8 (1.6x crop factor)

    23.6 x 15.7 (1.5x crop factor)

    HDMI Port

    Yes

    Yes

    Live View

    Yes

    Yes

    Built-in Flash

    Yes (Sync: 1/200)

    Yes (Sync: 1/200)

    Compatible Lenses

    All Canon EF and EF-S

    Nikon AF-I and AF-S

    Dimensions

    5.1 x 3.9 x 3.07in 129.5 x 99 x 76mm

    4.9 x 3.8 x 3.0in 124 x 96 x 75mm

    Weight

    17.46oz (495g)

    17.8oz (505g)

    These cameras have a lot in common, and for me it’s a bit of a tie in terms of features and performance. While you are certainly welcome to try to determine which one has better “image quality” (an imprecise term that is the result of a variety of camera settings), experience using and reviewing photos from a wide range of both Canon and Nikon cameras has demonstrated to me that the photos captured by SLRs from both manufacturers are exceptional. Since the cameras themselves are so similar I’m going to talk about something completely different: lenses. One big difference between the Rebel T3 and the Nikon D3100 is that the Nikon D3100 is NOT 100% backwards-compatible with older Nikon lenses  while the Rebel T3 works just fine with a large number of Canon and third-party lenses. If you try to use a lens on the Nikon D3100 that does not include AF-I or AF-S (internal focusing motors) auto focus won’t work – you’ll have to focus manually. So what does this mean for you – the consumer photographer? It impacts both the flexibility and price of owning a camera like this for the long term:
    • Flexibility – if at some point in the future you decide you’d like a nice specialty lens (for wildlife or closeups or architecture), your choices with the D3100 will be limited (if you’d also like the lens to auto focus)
    • Cost – with the Rebel T3, you can purchase any Canon lens you like, or you can also choose from a wide range of compatible third-party lenses that are often much cheaper – with the Nikon D3100, your potential for finding a good deal on a lens is reduced, snce there are less third-party lenses that have focusing motors
    So a lot of your decision about which of these two cameras to get comes down to how you intend to use the camera in the future and how you plan to upgrade. If you think that you’ll replace BOTH camera and lens when you upgrade, then either the Rebel XS or the Nikon D3100 will work fine. If you’d like to build up a collection of lenses (without spending a fortune) that you can continue to use on future cameras, then the Rebel XS is the better choice.

    Intermediate Cameras

    The next stage of the Canon vs. Nikon battle are the cameras geared toward photographers who have some experience taking photos with SLR cameras (either film or digital). The cameras in this category often bridge the gap between the entry-level cameras and those designed with more professional photographers in mind. The two cameras in this category are the Canon T2i 550D and the Nikon D5100

                                        CANON T3i (600D)                                       NIKON D5100

    Release Date

    March 2011

    April 2011

    Megapixels

    18.0

    16.2

    Stabilization

    In Lens

    In Lens

    Memory Card

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    Max. Shutter Speed

    1/4000

    1/4000

    Max. Photo Capture

    3.7 per second

    4 per second

    ISO Range

    100 to 12800

    100 to 25600

    Movie Modes

    Quicktime MOV (H.264) 1920 x 1080p (30/25/24 fps) 1280 x 720p (60/50 fps) 640 x 480 (60/50 fps)

    H.264 1920 x 1080p (30/25/24 fps) 1280 x 720p (30/25/24 fps) 640 x 480 (30/25 fps)

    LCD

    Flexible 3in (1.04 million dots)

    Flexible 3in (921,000 dots)

    Viewfinder

    Pentamirror (95% coverage)

    Pentamirror (95% coverage)

    Autofocus

    9 point

    11 point

    Face Detect AF

    No

    No

    Sensor Dimensions

    22.2 x 14.8 (1.6x crop factor)

    23.1 x 15.4 (1.5x crop factor)

    HDMI Port

    Yes

    Yes

    Live View

    Yes

    Yes

    Built-in Flash

    Yes (Sync: 1/200)

    Yes (Sync: 1/200)

    Compatible Lenses

    All Canon EF and EF-S

    Nikon AF-I and AF-S

    Dimensions

    5.1 x 3.9 x 2.9in 129 x 98 x 75mm

    5.0 x 3.8 x 3.1in 128 x 96 x 79mm

    Weight

    18.7oz (530g)

    18oz (510g)

    These two cameras really are on a pretty even footing. The most substantive difference is the same as the one between the Rebel T3 1100D and the Nikon D3100: the D5100 lacks its own focus motor, so older Nikon lenses can’t use the 11-point autofocus. The Canon T3i 600D has no such lens limitation and works with all new and old Canon EOS lenses. If you’re really stumped about which of these two cameras to choose, the best advice I can provide is this: go to a local camera shop and – if possible – hold each camera in your hand and use them a bit to see how they “feel”.When you’re talking about two cameras that are SO close on paper, the main way to figure out which one is right for you is to actually USE them yourself.You may find that the heft and balance of one camera appeals to your more than the other. Maybe you like how the menus are organized. Perhaps one feels “cheaper” than the other when you hold it.Simply put, there are many intangible factors that go into a DSLR purchase sometimes, just reading the spec sheet and online reviews isn’t enough to help you make up your mind.

    Pro-Summer Cameras

    In the pool of digital SLR camera buyers, there’s a cluster of advanced amateurs they are also called “Professional Consumers” or Pro-Sumers for short. Pro-Sumers are looking for a bit more functionality from their cameras than what’s offered by the true consumer models, and they’re willing to pay more for increased image control. What sets the pro-sumer cameras apart from the others is their sheer speed. Most digital SLR cameras are capable of capturing about three consecutive photos per second – and this is just fine for anyone passionate about landscapes and portraits. But action junkies need a bit more from their digital SLR – the ability to rapidly capture several consecutive frames for that one action shot that is a real winner. The minimum consecutive capture speed of cameras in this class is 5 photos per second. Paired with this impressive speed are advanced autofocus systems, sophisticated movie modes and about a hundred different ways to customize the camera to suit your specific shooting style. The two competing cameras in this category are the Canon 60D and the Nikon D7000.                                                                      Canon 60D                                  Nikon D7000
    Release Date

    September 2010

    September 2010

    Megapixels

    18.0

    16.2

    Stabilization

    In Lens

    In Lens

    Memory Card

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    SD / SDHC / SDXC

    Max. Shutter Speed

    1/8000

    1/8000

    Max. Photo Capture

    5.3 per second

    6 per second

    ISO Range

    100 to 12800

    100 to 25600

    Movie Modes

    H.264 1920 x 1080p 1280 x 720 640 x 480

    H.264 1920 x 1080p 1280 x 720 640 x 424

    LCD

    Flexible 3in (1.04 million dots)

    Static 3in (921,000 dots)

    Viewfinder

    Pentaprism (96% coverage)

    Pentaprism (100% coverage)

    Autofocus

    9 point

    39 point

    Face Detect AF

    No

    No

    Sensor Dimensions

    22.2 x 14.8 (1.6x crop factor)

    23.1 x 15.4 (1.5x crop factor)

    HDMI Port

    Yes

    Yes

    Live View

    Yes

    Yes

    Built-in Flash

    Yes (Sync: 1/250)

    Yes (Sync: 1/250)

    Compatible Lenses

    All Canon EF and EF-S

    All Nikon F Mount

    Dimensions

    5.7 x 4.2 x 3.1in 145 x 106 x 79mm

    5.2 x 4.1 x 3.0in 132 x 105 x 77mm

    Weight

    21oz (755g)

    23oz (780g)

    Once you get up to this level of camera, the question of which one to get – Canon vs. Nikon – is less about comparing features and more about name recognition. Some people lean toward Canon because it is such a prominent name in the industry (and because they also have a wide range of very popular compact cameras) while those that have used Nikon gear in the past are firm that they will never switch brands. Both companies are well aware of this brand loyalty, so the cameras that are available in this category satisfy the needs of the most demanding photographers. If you’re fanatic about Canon cameras, then the 60D has all the features that you could ever need to capture stunning images. Those who lean toward Nikon should be blissfully happy with the D7000 in hand. If you are interested (now or in the future) of taking a lot of photos using flash instead of natural light, then go with Nikon.Nikon has done a great deal of work to ensure that their cameras communicate well with their flashes – something Nikon calls the “Creative Lighting System” or CLS for short. With relatively little fussing, you can quickly set up three independent wireless light sources, and you’re able to control the amount of light output from each flash directly from the camera. While you can certainly achieve the same effects with a Canon digital SLR it takes more gear, costs more and doesn’t have quite the same plug-and-play simplicity of the Nikon system.

    One Response to Canon or Nikon

    1. RDoug says:

      Nice, balanced comparison of two of the digital photography giants, but I would take note of the 800-pound gorilla in the room. While I’ve been (and continue to be) a diehard Canon fan for the past 40 years, there is no denying that Sony is quickly catching up to both Nikon and Canon and, when looking strictly at technological advances, far surpasses both. I’m lens-locked in to the Canon system, now, but if I weren’t I’d be taking a long, hard, serious look at Sony for outright innovation.


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